About the NSB
The National Science Foundation Act of 1950, which created the NSF, states that "The Foundation shall consist
of a National Science Board ... and a Director." Jointly the Board and the Director pursue the goals and function
of the NSF, including the duty to "recommend and encourage the pursuit of national policies for the promotion of
research and education in science and engineering."
In addition, The National Science Board has two important roles. First, it establishes the policies of NSF within the
framework of applicable national policies set forth by the President and the Congress. In this capacity, the Board
identifies issues that are critical to NSF's future, approves NSF's strategic budget directions and the annual
budget submission to the Office of Management and Budget, and approves new major programs and awards. The second role of
the Board is to serve as an independent body of advisors to both the President and the Congress on policy matters related
to science and engineering and education in science and engineering. In addition to major reports, the NSB also publishes
occasional policy papers or statements on issues of importance to U.S. science and engineering.
The NSB is made up of 25 Members appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. The NSF Director is
an ex officio Member. Members serve six-year terms. With the exception of the NSF Director, one-third of the Board
is appointed every two years. NSB Members are drawn from industry and universities, and represent a variety of
science and engineering disciplines and geographic areas. The NSB is apolitical. The NSF Act of 1950, as amended,
states that nominees to the "Board (1) shall be eminent in the fields of the basic, medical, or social sciences,
engineering, agriculture, education, research management or public affairs; (2) shall be selected solely on the basis
of established records of distinguished service; and (3) shall be so selected as to provide representation of the
views of scientific and engineering leaders in all areas of the Nation." The NSB elects its own Chairman and Vice Chairman.
The Chairman, in turn, is authorized to make appointments to the NSB staff. The NSB Office is headed by the Board
The NSB meets about five times a year (usually four times at the NSF headquarters in Arlington, VA, and one in another
part of the country). The public is invited to attend all open sessions, subject to provisions of the Government in the
The NSB sponsors two national honorary awards:
- Vannevar Bush Award - established by NSB in 1980,awarded to senior scientists
for public service in science and technology;
- NSB Public Service Award - established by NSB in 1996, presented to one or
more individuals, or to a company, corporation or organization, in recognition of their contributions to
increasing public understanding of science or engineering.
The NSB also approves, along with the NSF Director, the selection of the Alan T. Waterman Awardee.
The annual award, established by Congress, recognizes an outstanding young researcher in a field supported by NSF. Awardees receive a grant
of $500,000 for scientific research or advanced study.
MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE BOARD